Dictionary

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The following dictionary is NOT a literal Japanese to English translation, but is a definition of Shorinji Kempo terms as used in the Dojo.

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A

Age Raise and lower
Anza Sit in zazen posture / relaxed
Arigato Gozaimashita Thank you very much / Thank you for teaching me
Ashi Leg / foot
Atama head
Ate Aim / strike
Atemi Vital point

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B

Baku Bind/tie up
Bo Stick / pole
Boshiku Base of thumb
Budo Martial way
Byakuren Ken Goho techniques in which the defending arm frequently returns the attack

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C

Chakuza Sit / kneeling down
Chidori Movement 45 degrees
Chinkon Meditate
Chio Ken Goho family where a multiple attack begins with a jodan zuki, or a geri
Chosuku Breathing control
Chudan Middle body
Chuin Vital point above elbow

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D

Dachi Stance
Daisharin Cartwheel
Dan Group / level
Do Body protector
Dogi Training uniform / white suit
Dojo Training hall
Dori Lock

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E

Eri Collar / lapel

F

Fukku Kneeling
Fumikomi Front foot /weight forward
Furi Swing up
Furimi Swing body / dodge

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G

Gaeshi Return
Gamae Stance
Garame Entwine
Gassho Salutation
Gatame Hold / pin
Gedan Lower body
Geri Kick
Go Five
Goho Hard / positive
Gote Twist / lock / throw
Gyaku Long /rear
Gyakute Reversed hand

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H

Hachi Eight
Hai Yes
Haijoshin Remove all thought from mind
Hajime Begin
Hajimemasu Beginning
Han Half
Hana Nose (also flower)
Hankaku Leave half space between kenshi
Han Tenkan Turn
Happumoku All round vision
Hara abdomen
Harai Swing / cut up
Hasso (gamae) Stance like holding a beach ball
Hidari Left
Hiji Elbow
Hiki Support / pull in
Hikimi Dodge by pulling stomach in
Hiraki Opposite / different
Hiza Knee
Hokei Constitutional form
Howa Philosophy period

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I

Ichi One
Ichiji Flat hand
Idori Seize
Ippon One arm / to side

J

Jodan Head
Johaku Upper arm
Ju Ten
Juho Soft / passive
Juji Cross
Jun Short

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K

Kaeshi Substitute with
Kagi Hook
Kagite Locks hand
Kaishin Step dodge / one foot
Kaisoku Clenched fist
Kakete Extending over
Kakuritsu Ken Goho family involving blocking and countering with the leg.
Kamae Take up position
Kan Sixth sense
Kancho Abbot / abbas
Kani Crab / side
Kankaku Leave space between kenshi
Kannuki Gate/bar
Kata Set form / single - also sholder
Katame Pin
Katamuna Seize lapel at chest height
Katate Single hand
Ken Body / action / fist
Kenshi Student
Keri Age Kick up under
Keri Komi To push / forward kick
Keritsu Stand up
Kesshu Standing with hands clasped at belt level
Ki Spirit
Ki Ai Shout
Kihon Basic
Kime Think of next move
Kinteki Groin
Kiri Cut
Koijitsu Action / timing
Komi Push in
Kongo Diamond / strength
Kongo Ken Attacking juho family of techniques
Korkstu Lean back
Koshi Waist (includes hips)
Kote Wrist
Ku Nine
Kubi neck
Kumade Heel of palm / bear paw
Kumo Spider / skip
Kusshin Flexible / duck
Kyu Grade

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M

Maai Distance
Mae Forward
Mae Ubi Push forward fingers
Maki Wrap around / curl
Mangi Fylfot / symbol
Mawashi Round / swing
Mei Eyes
Mi Body
Migi Right
Mimi ear
Mikazuki Crescent / side of jaw
Morote In with both hands
Mune Chest

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N

Nage Throw
Nai Inside
Naiwanto Circular strike / cut to weak point
Naore Hands down
Nami Wave
Neko Ashi Dachi Cat stance
Ni Two
Nidan second black belt grade
Nio Ken Single Jodan attack goho family
Nuki Elude
Nyushin Entry

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O

O At / by
Okuri Send / pull away
Omote Front of body
Onegaishi Masu Please will you help me
Oshi Push
Otoshi Push down
Otto Backward / rear
Owarimasu Ending

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R

Rakan Ken Juho family involving wrapping
Ran dori Free fighting pratice
Rei Salutation
Ren A set
Renhenko Extended / continuing attack
Roku Six
Ryaku Variation
Ryo Double
Ryoku Power
Ryote Two hands
Ryuo Ken Eluding juho family
Ryusui Circular dodge

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S

Sabaki Movement
Sagari Step back / retreat
Sahikae Step forward / change stance
San Three
Sambo Triple defence
Sango Temple
Sango Ken Mainly chudan attack , keri defence goho family
Sankaku Triangular / orthodox
Sei Tall / high
Seigan Pledge
Seiken Fist
Seiku Holy maxim
Seiretsu Line up
Seiza Sit quietly / kneeling
Sensei Teacher
Shi Four
Shichi Seven
Shin Mind
Shinjo Creed
Shita Downward / lower
Shomen The front / face front of dojo
Shugo Assemble
Shuho Technique
Shuto Edge of hand
Sode Sleeve
Sorimi Backward dodge
Sotai Pair form
Soto Outside / outward
Sokuto Side of foot

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T

Tai Equal / same
Taiki Defence position
Taisabaki Body movement
Tanto Dagger
Tateken Straight fist
Te Hand / arm /man
Tembin Arm lock
Tenno Ken Multiple attack, jodan first, goho family
Tenshin Step dodge / both feet
Tobi Jump / leap
Tsubame Swallow (bird)
Tsuitate Lowered hand
Tsuri Hang / suspend / hook
Tsuki Fist / punch

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U

Uchi Inside
Ude Arm / to fold / lock arm
Uke Block / support
Ukemi Roll
Umpoho Foot work
Ura Rear of body
Ura Gaishi Nage Throw body to avoid arm lock
Uraken Back fist / reverse
Ushiro Rear / backward
Uwa Upward / upper

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W

Wa Circle / loop
Wanto Arm Blade (inside of forearm)
Waza Technique

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Y

Yame Stop
Yoi Prepare
Yoko Side
Yoko Sanmai Side of lower ribs
Yori Twist / vertical arm
Yose Small
Yubi Thumb / finger

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Z

Yori Twist / vertical arm
Yose Small
Yubi Thumb / finger
Zen Sokutei Ball of foot
Zen Tenkan Turn 180 degrees
Zentu Lean forward
Zuki Punch